The Role of the President
What are the powers of the President? In most republics, the head of state is referred to as the president. This figure is both the ceremonial head of state and the fundamental leader of the country. Presidents are usually elected for four or eight years. The term also covers the head of the executive branch and a President’s relationship with other nations. If you are curious about the role of the president, here are some examples:
While Presidents have no formal power to veto legislation, they do have several other responsibilities. The most obvious are to represent the nation and implement policies. Presidents also have the power to lobbie the United Nations for support of certain policies and resolutions. One example is the intervention in Iraq. The United States has lobbied the UN to support its stance on Iraq. Those actions have been interpreted by many to mean that the President has no power to veto them.
The role of the president has shifted over time as the government regulated a more complex economy. By the mid-20th century, a growing number of administrative agencies fell under the president’s purview. These presidents chose the leaders of these agencies and directed what policies would come out of them. In addition to the expansion of power in wartime, the power of a president may be increased by a particular historical moment. Presidents often seek to expand their power in a crisis to gain political advantage.
The President has wide-ranging powers under the U.S. Constitution, but many of them are not explicitly outlined in the text. Examples of these powers include the suspension of the ban on the development of chemical weapons or human testing. The emergency powers are contained in 50 U.S.C.SS 1515, passed in 1969, and 50 U.S.C.SS 7410(f) of 1977, passed to allow the president to use those powers.
These powers have been used by the President since Abraham Lincoln in 1861, but their use is limited. During the American Civil War, Abraham Lincoln declared a national emergency. Then, in 1933, Franklin D. Roosevelt declared a national emergency, without limiting its scope, citing the relevant statutes, or obtaining congressional approval. The president’s emergency powers have never been limited by the Supreme Court, and the recent decision in Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer (1996) was a notable exception.
The President heads the Executive Branch. This branch is made up of administrative and regulatory organizations and includes fourteen departments and their heads, which are collectively called the cabinet. In addition to these departments, the president has power to issue executive orders that direct executive officers, clarify and further existing laws, and extend pardons for federal crimes. Although these functions are done by the Congress and the executive branch, they are not limited to them. Here is a brief description of the roles of these departments.
The President appoints members of the Cabinet and heads of governmental departments. He also nominates federal judges and Supreme Court justices, who are confirmed by the U.S. Senate. Executive orders issued by the president carry the force of law but must be approved by the Senate. He can also convene a special session of the Congress to act on his own initiatives. He has the right to veto laws, but it is limited. To override a presidential veto, the Congress must pass a two-thirds vote. Finally, he delivers the annual State of the Union address to the joint session of Congress.
Diplomacy with other nations
Diplomacy with other nations refers to the art and science of fostering peaceful relationships between groups of countries. Generally, a diplomat represents a specific country or group. His primary responsibility is to promote cooperation among nations, promote security, and preserve peace. The term “diplomacy” is applied to both permanent diplomatic missions and other places of representation. An embassy is the permanent representation of a nation, while a consulate is another place of representation.
While it is true that an expert diplomat understands his or her nation’s interests, he or she must also exercise humility and consider the interests of other nations. American elites often construe themselves as world-class humanitarians, but their pushy hectoring of other nations shows a lack of humility. As a result, American “diplomacy” often ends up in diplomatic failure. However, diplomacy must be a collaborative process.